Periodontal therapy is a Treatment of Gum Disease, and is necessary when it is determined that the tissue supporting the teeth is unhealthy and cannot be repaired with non-surgical treatment
There are a broad range of Treatments of Gum Disease that exists within the field. No single treatment approach can provide the only means of treating any one or all forms of periodontal diseases.
One treatment modality may be appropriate for one section of the mouth while another approach may be suitable at other sites.
If you’re diagnosed with gum disease, your periodontist may recommend periodontal surgery. Periodontal surgery is necessary when your periodontist determines that the tissue around your teeth is unhealthy and cannot be repaired with non-surgical treatment.
Periodontal health should be achieved in the least invasive and most cost-effective manner. This is often accomplished through non-surgical periodontal treatment.
Periodontal Therapy: Treatment of Gum Disease
Non-surgical periodontal therapy removes plaque and calculus by controlling the growth of harmful bacteria, and by controlling the conditions that encourage gum disease. The Treatment of Gum Disease through non-surgical methods may be all that is needed, especially when periodontal disease is caught early.
Scaling and Root Planing is a type of cleaning that removes plaque and calculus from below and above the gumline. Root planing smoothes root surfaces, so the supportive tissues can better reattach to the tooth surface.
Antibiotics can be provided as the pill form of scaling and root planning, or could be applied directly to the infected area in the form of antibiotic powder. Key to controlling or eliminating periodontal disease is the effective reduction or elimination of the harmful bacteria. An antibacterial mouth rinse also may be prescribed to help control the harmful effects of and reduce bacterial plaque.
Occlusal Adjustment are used to realign the teeth, which is important because a traumatic occlusion may increase bone destruction attached to such offending teeth. The bite can be adjusted, so the teeth can better align and function better. A custom bite guard or splint can protect teeth surfaces and relax tense jaw muscles.
Surgery might be the necessary treatment of gum disease if inflammation and deep pockets remain following deep cleanings and medications. A dentist or periodontist may perform flap surgery to remove tartar deposits in deep pockets, or to reduce the periodontal pocket and make it easier for the patient, dentist, and hygienist to keep the area clean.
In addition to flap surgery, your periodontist or dentist may suggest Treatments of Gum Disease that help regenerate any bone or gum tissues lost to periodontitis. In cases where gum tissue has been lost, your dentist or periodontist may suggest a soft tissue gum graft.
Since each case is different, it is not possible to predict with certainty which grafts will be successful over the long-term. Most periodontists would agree that after scaling and root planing, many patients do not require any further active treatment, including surgical periodontal therapy. The majority of patients will require ongoing maintenance therapy to sustain health.
Non-surgical periodontal therapy does have its limitations, however, and when it does not achieve periodontal health, surgery may be indicated to restore periodontal anatomy damaged by periodontal diseases and to facilitate oral hygiene practices
The results of each Treatment of Gum Disease may be adversely affected by circumstances beyond the control of the dentist. Results depend on many things, including how far the disease has progressed, how well the patient keeps up with oral care at home, and certain risk factors, such as smoking, which may lower the chances of success.
The main goal of periodontal therapy is to control the infection. The number and types of Treatment of Gum Disease will vary depending on the severity. Any type of treatment requires that the patient keep up good daily care at home. The doctor may also suggest changing certain behaviors, such as quitting smoking, as a way to improve treatment outcome.